Børn: Effekt af alternativ behandling

af Klinisk Epidemiologisk Afdeling ved Aarhus Universitet og ViFAB.

Her kan du læse om effekt af alternativ behandling til børn. Teksten på denne side bygger på Cochrane-oversigter, som er anerkendte videnskabelige artikler.

Hvad er en Cochrane-oversigt?

Tal med din læge, hvis du overvejer en behandling, som omtales i en Cochrane-oversigt.

Positiv effekt

Ingen af de Cochrane-oversigter, som handler om alternativ behandling til børn, melder om positiv effekt af behandlingerne

Laktose afholdenhed ved akut diarre hos børn

Mulig positiv effekt

Ingen effekt

Bivirkninger og forsigtighedsregler

Generelt melder Cochrane-oversigterne ikke om udbredte eller alvorlige bivirkninger ved naturlægemidler, kosttilskud og alternative behandlinger. Det betyder ikke nødvendigvis, at behandlingerne er bivirkningsfri. Registrering af bivirkninger er nemlig ofte mangelfuld i de forsøg, der er udført. Cochrane rapporterer om bivirkninger i følgende tilfælde:

A-vitamin til forebyggelse af nedre luftvejsinfektioner hos børn 

Cochrane rapporterer om mulige bivirkninger i form af øget risiko for infektion og symptomforværring ved børn (0-7 år) med normal ernæringstilstand. En oversigt konkluderer, at A-vitamin sandsynligvis kan forebygge akutte nedre luftvejsinfektioner hos børn (0-7 år) med lavt A-vitamin niveau eller dårlig ernæringstilstand.

A-vitamin til forebyggelse af nedre luftvejsinfektioner hos børn 

Honning og sugetabletter mod hoste hos børn 

Cochrane rapporterer, at små børn ikke bør behandles med honning og sugetabletter mod hoste, da der henholdsvis er risiko for botulisme (hos børn under et år) og kvælning.

Honning og sugetabletter mod hoste hos børn 

Jod-tilskud mod jodmangel hos børn

Cochrane rapporterer om svage og forbigående bivirkninger ved jod-tilskud mod jodmangel hos børn.

Jod-tilskud mod jodmangel hos børn

Kalk til øgning af knoglemineraltæthed hos raske børn 

Cochrane rapporterer om sjældne og mindre bivirkninger ved kalk til øgning af knoglemineraltæthed hos raske børn.

Kalk til øgning af knoglemineraltæthed hos raske børn 

Xylitol (sukkererstatning) til forebyggelse af mellemørebetændelse hos børn (op til 12 år)

Cochrane rapporterer om mulige bivirkninger i form af maveproblemer og udslæt ved xylitol (sukkererstatning) til forebyggelse af mellemørebetændelse hos børn (op til 12 år).

Xylitol (sukkererstatning) til forebyggelse af mellemørebetændelse hos børn (op til 12 år)

Zink mod diarré hos børn 

Cochrane rapporterer om mulige bivirkninger i form af opkastning ved zink mod diarré hos børn. Bivirkninger kan forekomme ved høje doser af zink. 

Zink mod diarré hos børn

Kilder

Her kan du læse de Cochrane-oversigter, som denne opsummering er baseret på:

Acupuncture for mumps in children

Ascorbic acid for the treatment of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Calcium supplementation for improving bone mineral density in children

Chinese herbal medicines for unexplained recurrent miscarriage

Complementary and miscellaneous interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children

Dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in childhood

Dietary marine fatty acids (fish oil) for asthma in adults and children

Folate supplementation in people with sickle cell disease

Herbal interventions for chronic asthma in adults and children

Honey and lozenges for children with non-specific cough

Honey for acute cough in children

Interventions for the prevention of nutritional rickets in term born children

Iodine supplementation for preventing iodine deficiency disorders in children

Iron therapy for improving psychomotor development and cognitive function in children under the age of three with iron deficiency anaemia

L-acetylcarnitine for treating fragile X syndrome (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Lactose avoidance for young children with acute diarrhoea

Massage intervention for promoting mental and physical health in infants aged under six months

Micronutrient supplementation for children with HIV infection

Micronutrient supplementation in children and adults with HIV infection

Non-pharmacological interventions for assisting the induction of anaesthesia in children

Oral zinc for treating diarrhoea in children

Osmotic and stimulant laxatives for the management of childhood constipation

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy

Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy

Probiotics for preventing urinary tract infections in adults and children

Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric antibiotic-associated diarrhea

Probiotics for treating persistent diarrhoea in children

Psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents

Supplementary vitamin E, selenium, cysteine and riboflavin for preventing kwashiorkor in preschool children in developing countries

Vitamin A for non-measles pneumonia in children

Vitamin A for preventing acute lower respiratory tract infections in children up to seven years of age

Vitamin A for treating measles in children

Xylitol for preventing acute otitis media in children up to 12 years of age

Zinc supplementation as an adjunct to antibiotics in the treatment of pneumonia in children 2 to 59 months of age

Positiv effekt

Ingen relaterede Cochrane-oversigter melder om positiv effekt ved behandlingerne.

Mulig positiv effekt

Ingen effekt

Mulig negativ effekt

Ingen relaterede Cochrane-oversigter melder om mulig negativ effekt ved behandlingerne.

Bivirkninger og forsigtighedsregler

Kilder

Her er en liste med referencer til de relaterede Cochrane artikler

Acupuncture for mumps in children

Ascorbic acid for the treatment of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Calcium supplementation for improving bone mineral density in children

Chinese herbal medicines for unexplained recurrent miscarriage

Complementary and miscellaneous interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children

Dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in childhood

Dietary marine fatty acids (fish oil) for asthma in adults and children

Folate supplementation in people with sickle cell disease

Herbal interventions for chronic asthma in adults and children

Honey and lozenges for children with non-specific cough

Honey for acute cough in children

Interventions for the prevention of nutritional rickets in term born children

Iodine supplementation for preventing iodine deficiency disorders in children

Iron therapy for improving psychomotor development and cognitive function in children under the age of three with iron deficiency anaemia

L-acetylcarnitine for treating fragile X syndrome

Lactose avoidance for young children with acute diarrhoea

Massage intervention for promoting mental and physical health in infants aged under six months

Micronutrient supplementation for children with HIV infection

Micronutrient supplementation in children and adults with HIV infection

Non-pharmacological interventions for assisting the induction of anaesthesia in children

Oral zinc for treating diarrhoea in children

Osmotic and stimulant laxatives for the management of childhood constipation

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents

Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy

Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy

Probiotics for preventing urinary tract infections in adults and children

Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric antibiotic-associated diarrhea

Probiotics for treating persistent diarrhoea in children

Psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents

Supplementary vitamin E, selenium, cysteine and riboflavin for preventing kwashiorkor in preschool children in developing countries

Vitamin A for non-measles pneumonia in children

Vitamin A for preventing acute lower respiratory tract infections in children up to seven years of age

Vitamin A for treating measles in children

Xylitol for preventing acute otitis media in children up to 12 years of age

Xylitol for preventing acute otitis media in children up to 12 years of age

Zinc supplementation as an adjunct to antibiotics in the treatment of pneumonia in children 2 to 59 months of age