Graviditet og fødsel: Effekt af alternativ behandling

af Klinisk Epidemiologisk Afdeling ved Aarhus Universitet og ViFAB.

Her kan du læse om effekt af alternativ behandling ved graviditet og fødsel. Teksten på denne side bygger på Cochrane-oversigter, som er anerkendte videnskabelige
artikler.

Hvad er en Cochrane-oversigt?

Tal med din læge, hvis du overvejer en behandling, som omtales i en Cochrane-oversigt.

Positiv effekt

Mulig positiv effekt

Ingen effekt

Bivirkninger og forsigtighedsregler

Generelt melder Cochrane-oversigterne ikke om udbredte eller alvorlige bivirkninger ved naturlægemidler, kosttilskud og alternative behandlinger. Det betyder ikke nødvendigvis, at behandlingerne er bivirkningsfri. Registrering af bivirkninger er nemlig ofte mangelfuld i de forsøg, der er udført. Cochrane rapporterer om bivirkninger i følgende tilfælde:

A-vitamin tilskud under graviditet 

Cochrane rapporterer, at et stort A-vitamin tilskud på mere end 700 mcg A-vitamin per dag kan have en skadelige effekt på forsteret hos gravide, der ikke har A-vitamin mangel.

A-vitamin tilskud under graviditet 

B6-vitamin til forebyggelse af huller i tænderne hos gravide 

Cochrane rapporterer om bivirkninger i form af følelsesløshed og gangbesvær ved overdosis af B6-vitamin til forebyggelse af huller i tænderne hos gravide.

B6-vitamin til forebyggelse af huller i tænderne hos gravide 

Brystmassage til fremme af veer og reducering af blødningsrisiko hos lav-risiko gravide 

Cochrane rapporterer, at højrisiko gravide ikke bør behandles med brystmassage til fremme af veer og reducering af blødningsrisiko, da der er uklarhed omkring bivirkninger. I en undersøgelse er der observeret flere dødsfald blandt nyfødte i gruppen af højrisiko gravide, som fik brystmassage, end i kontrolgruppen. Kvinderne, som tilhørte risikogruppen, var gået over tiden, havde forhøjet blodtryk eller der var tale om en mangelfuld vækst af fosteret i livmoderen. Cochrane rapporterer, at behandlingen muligvis er gavnlig hos lav-risiko gravide.

Brystmassage til fremme af veer og reducering af blødningsrisiko hos lav-risiko gravide 

C- og E-vitaminer m.fl. til reducering af risiko for svangerskabsforgiftning 

Cochrane rapporterer om bivirkninger i form af mavesmerter sidst i graviditeten og forhøjet blodtryk ved C- og E-vitaminer m.fl. til reducering af risiko for svangerskabsforgiftning. 

C- og E-vitaminer m.fl. til reducering af risiko for svangerskabsforgiftning 

C-vitamin under graviditet 

Cochrane rapporterer om mulige bivirkninger i form af øget risiko for tidlig fødsel ved C-vitamin under graviditet.

C-vitamin under graviditet 

Jern mod blodmangel hos gravide 

Cochrane rapporterer om bivirkninger i form af mave- og tarmproblemer ved jern mod blodmangel hos gravide.

Jern mod blodmangel hos gravide 

Jerntilskud med eller uden folinsyre til kvinder under graviditet

Cochrane rapporterer om mulige bivirkninger i form af øget risiko for forhøjet jernkoncentration hos gravide, som dagligt indtager jerntilskud i forbindelse med jerntilskud med eller uden folinsyre til kvinder under graviditet.

Jerntilskud med eller uden folinsyre til kvinder under graviditet

Massage af livmoder til reducering af blødning efter fødsel

Cochrane rapporterer om bivirkninger i form af ubehag for kvinderne ved massage af livmoder til reducering af blødning efter fødsel.

Massage af livmoder til reducering af blødning efter fødsel

Kilder

Her kan du læse de Cochrane-oversigter, som denne opsummering er baseret på:

Acupuncture and assisted reproductive technology (før: Acupuncture and assisted conception)

Acupuncture for induction of labour

Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management in labour

Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma

Antioxidants for female subfertility

Antioxidants for male subfertility

Antioxidants for preventing pre-eclampsia

Aromatherapy for pain management in labour

Breast stimulation for cervical ripening and induction of labour

Breastfeeding or nipple stimulation for reducing postpartum haemorrhage in the third stage of labour

Calcium supplementation (other than for preventing or treating hypertension) for improving pregnancy and infant outcomes

Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems

Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentation

Chinese herbal medicine for subfertile women with polycystic ovarian syndrome

Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of pre-eclampsia

Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy

Chinese herbal medicines for threatened miscarriage

Chinese herbal medicines for unexplained recurrent miscarriage

Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour

Daily oral iron supplementation during pregnancy

Different methods for the induction of labour in outpatient settings

Effects and safety of periconceptional folate supplementation for preventing birth defects

Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy for maternal health and pregnancy outcomes

Garlic for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications

Homoeopathy for induction of labour

Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth

Intermittent oral iron supplementation during pregnancy

Interventions for leg cramps in pregnancy

Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy

Interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy

Interventions for preventing nausea and vomiting in women undergoing regional anaesthesia for caesarean section

Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancy

Interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding women

Interventions for varicose veins and leg oedema in pregnancy

Magnesium supplementation in pregnancy

Marine oil, and other prostaglandin precursor, supplementation for pregnancy uncomplicated by pre-eclampsia or intrauterine growth restriction

Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour

Micronutrient supplementation in pregnant women with HIV infection

Mind-body interventions during pregnancy for preventing or treating women's anxiety

Multiple-micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancy

Music during caesarean section under regional anaesthesia for improving maternal and infant outcomes

Pain control in first trimester surgical abortion

Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviews

Perineal techniques during the second stage of labour for reducing perineal trauma

Probiotics for preventing gestational diabetes

Probiotics for preventing preterm labour

Prophylactic interventions after delivery of placenta for reducing bleeding during the postnatal period

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) supplementation during pregnancy or labour for maternal and neonatal outcomes

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) supplementation in pregnancy

Relaxation techniques for pain management in labour

Timed intercourse for couples trying to conceive

Topical preparations for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain relief in labour

Transcutaneous electrostimulation for suspected placental insufficiency (diagnosed by Doppler studies)

Treatments for breast engorgement during lactation

Treatments for iron-deficiency anaemia in pregnancy

Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhage

Vibroacoustic stimulation for fetal assessment in labour in the presence of a nonreassuring fetal heart rate trace

Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy for maternal and newborn outcomes

Vitamin A supplementation for postpartum women

Vitamin C supplementation in pregnancy

Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy

Vitamin E supplementation in pregnancy

Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriage

Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriage (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Zinc supplementation for improving pregnancy and infant outcome

Positiv effekt

Ingen relaterede Cochrane-oversigter melder om positiv effekt ved behandlingerne.

Mulig positiv effekt

Ingen effekt

Mulig negativ effekt

Ingen relaterede Cochrane-oversigter melder om mulig negativ effekt ved behandlingerne.

Bivirkninger og forsigtighedsregler

Kilder

Her er en liste med referencer til de relaterede Cochrane artikler

Acupuncture and assisted reproductive technology (før: Acupuncture and assisted conception)

Acupuncture for induction of labour

Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management in labour

Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma

Antioxidants for female subfertility

Antioxidants for male subfertility

Antioxidants for preventing pre-eclampsia

Aromatherapy for pain management in labour

Breast stimulation for cervical ripening and induction of labour

Breastfeeding or nipple stimulation for reducing postpartum haemorrhage in the third stage of labour

Calcium supplementation (other than for preventing or treating hypertension) for improving pregnancy and infant outcomes

Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems

Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentation

Chinese herbal medicine for subfertile women with polycystic ovarian syndrome

Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of pre-eclampsia

Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy

Chinese herbal medicines for threatened miscarriage

Chinese herbal medicines for unexplained recurrent miscarriage

Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour

Daily oral iron supplementation during pregnancy

Different methods for the induction of labour in outpatient settings

Effects and safety of periconceptional folate supplementation for preventing birth defects

Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy for maternal health and pregnancy outcomes

Garlic for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications

Homoeopathy for induction of labour

Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth

Intermittent oral iron supplementation during pregnancy

Interventions for leg cramps in pregnancy

Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy

Interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy

Interventions for preventing nausea and vomiting in women undergoing regional anaesthesia for caesarean section

Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancy

Interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding women

Interventions for varicose veins and leg oedema in pregnancy

Magnesium supplementation in pregnancy

Marine oil, and other prostaglandin precursor, supplementation for pregnancy uncomplicated by pre-eclampsia or intrauterine growth restriction

Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour

Micronutrient supplementation in pregnant women with HIV infection

Mind-body interventions during pregnancy for preventing or treating women's anxiety

Multiple-micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancy

Music during caesarean section under regional anaesthesia for improving maternal and infant outcomes

Pain control in first trimester surgical abortion

Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviews

Perineal techniques during the second stage of labour for reducing perineal trauma

Probiotics for preventing gestational diabetes

Probiotics for preventing preterm labour

Prophylactic interventions after delivery of placenta for reducing bleeding during the postnatal period

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) supplementation during pregnancy or labour for maternal and neonatal outcomes

Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) supplementation in pregnancy

Relaxation techniques for pain management in labour

Timed intercourse for couples trying to conceive

Topical preparations for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain relief in labour

Transcutaneous electrostimulation for suspected placental insufficiency (diagnosed by Doppler studies)

Treatments for breast engorgement during lactation

Treatments for iron-deficiency anaemia in pregnancy

Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhage

Vibroacoustic stimulation for fetal assessment in labour in the presence of a nonreassuring fetal heart rate trace

Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy for maternal and newborn outcomes

Vitamin A supplementation for postpartum women

Vitamin C supplementation in pregnancy

Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy

Vitamin E supplementation in pregnancy

Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriage

Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriage

Zinc supplementation for improving pregnancy and infant outcome