Hjertekarsygdom: Effekt af alternativ behandling

af Klinisk Epidemiologisk Afdeling ved Aarhus Universitet og ViFAB.

Her kan du læse om effekt af alternativ behandling ved hjertekarsygdom. Teksten på denne side bygger på Cochrane-oversigter, som er anerkendte videnskabelige artikler.

Hvad er en Cochrane-oversigt?

Tal med din læge, hvis du overvejer en behandling, som omtales i en Cochrane-oversigt.

Positiv effekt

Ingen af de Cochrane-oversigter, som handler om alternativ behandling i forhold til hjertekarsygdom, melder om positiv effekt af behandlingerne.

Calciumtilskud til forebyggelse af hypertension (forhøjet blodtryk) 

Øget indtag af frugt og grønt til forebyggelse af hjertekarsygdomme

Mulig positiv effekt

Ingen effekt

Bivirkninger og forsigtighedsregler

Generelt melder Cochrane-oversigterne ikke om udbredte eller alvorlige bivirkninger ved naturlægemidler, kosttilskud eller alternative behandlinger. Det betyder ikke nødvendigvis, at behandlingerne er bivirkningsfri. Registrering af bivirkninger er nemlig ofte mangelfuld i de forsøg, der er udført. Der er rapporteret om bivirkninger i følgende tilfælde:

Artiskokblad-ekstrakt mod forhøjet kolesterol 

Cochrane rapporterer om milde, forbigående og sjældne bivirkninger ved kort tids brug af artiskokblad-ekstrakt mod forhøjet kolesterol.

Artiskokblad-ekstrakt mod forhøjet kolesterol 

Hestekastaniefrø mod dårligt blodomløb 

Cochrane rapporterer om svage og sjældne bivirkninger i form af maveproblemer, svimmelhed, kvalme, hovedpine og kløe ved hestekastaniefrø mod dårligt blodomløb.

Hestekastaniefrø mod dårligt blodomløb 

Hvidtjørn som supplement til konventionel behandling mod kronisk hjertesvigt 

Cochrane rapporterer om milde, forbigående og sjældne bivirkninger i form af kvalme, svimmelhed og hjerte- og maveubehag ved hvidtjørn som supplement til konventionel behandling mod kronisk hjertesvigt.

Hvidtjørn som supplement til konventionel behandling mod kronisk hjertesvigt 

Kalk, magnesium og kalium mod forhøjet blodtryk

Cochrane rapporterer om få og milde bivirkninger ved kalk, magnesium og kalium mod forhøjet blodtryk.

Kalk, magnesium og kalium mod forhøjet blodtryk

Kinesisk urtemedicin (danshen) mod blodprop i hjertet

Cochrane rapporterer om mulige bivirkninger i forbindelse med danshen ved kinesisk urtemedicin (danshen) mod blodprop i hjertet.

Kinesisk urtemedicin (danshen) mod blodprop i hjertet

Kinesisk urtemedicin (shengmai) i kombination med konventionel behandling ved hjertesvigt

Cochrane rapporterer om milde bivirkninger ved kinesisk urtemedicin (shengmai) i kombination med konventionel behandling ved hjertesvigt.

Kinesisk urtemedicin (shengmai) i kombination med konventionel behandling ved hjertesvigt

Kinesisk urtemedicin (tongxinluo) som supplement til konventionel behandling ved ustabil hjertekrampe 

Cochrane rapporterer om bivirkninger i form af lette maveproblemer og blodsprængninger i forbindelse med tongxinluo ved kinesisk urtemedicin (tongxinluo) som supplement til konventionel behandling mod ustabil hjertekrampe.

Kinesisk urtemedicin (tongxinluo) som supplement til konventionel behandling ved ustabil hjertekrampe 

Urtemedicin mod dårligt blodomløb

Cochrane rapporterer om bivirkninger i form af mave- og tarmproblemer ved urtemedicin mod dårligt blodomløb.

Urtemedicin mod dårligt blodomløb

Kilder

Her kan du læse de Cochrane-oversigter, som denne opsummering er baseret på:

Acanthopanax for acute ischaemic stroke

Acupuncture for acute stroke

Acupuncture for dysphagia in acute stroke

Acupuncture for stroke rehabilitation

Acupuncture for vascular dementia

Altered dietary salt intake for people with chronic kidney disease

Artichoke leaf extract for treating hypercholesterolaemia

Blood pressure lowering efficacy of coenzyme Q10 for primary hypertension

Calcium supplementation for prevention of primary hypertension

Calcium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Chinese herbal medicine suxiao jiuxin wan for angina pectoris

Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia

Chuanxiong preparations for preventing stroke

Chuanxiong-type preparations for acute ischemic stroke

Coenzyme Q10 for heart failure

Coenzyme Q10 for heart failure

Co-enzyme Q10 supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Combined calcium, magnesium and potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Dan Shen agents for acute ischaemic stroke

Danshen (Chinese medicinal herb) preparations for acute myocardial infarction

Dengzhanhua preparations for acute cerebral infarction

Effectiveness of the Valsalva Manoeuvre for reversion of supraventricular tachycardia

Electrical stimulation for preventing and treating post-stroke shoulder pain

Electromagnetic therapy for treating venous leg ulcers

Folate supplementation in people with sickle cell disease

Force platform feedback for standing balance training after stroke

Ganoderma lucidum mushroom for the treatment of cardiovascular risk factors (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Garlic for peripheral arterial occlusive disease

Ginkgo biloba for acute ischaemic stroke

Ginkgo biloba for intermittent claudication

Green and black tea for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure

Herbal medicines for viral myocarditis

Horse chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency

Huperzine A for vascular dementia

Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases

Isoflavones for hypercholesterolaemia in adults

Magnesium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Mailuoning for acute ischaemic stroke

Music for stress and anxiety reduction in coronary heart disease patients

Music therapy for acquired brain injury

Non-pharmacological interventions for breathlessness in advanced stages of malignant and non-malignant diseases

Nut consumption for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Omega 3 fatty acids for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease

Oral zinc for arterial and venous leg ulcers

Phlebotonics for venous insufficiency

Potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Qigong for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Relaxation therapies for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Roselle for hypertension in adults

Sanchi for acute ischaemic stroke

Selenium supplementation for critically ill adults

Selenium supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Selenium supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Shengmai (a traditional Chinese herbal medicine) for heart failure

Tai chi for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Tongxinluo (Tong xin luo or Tong-xin-luo) capsule for unstable angina pectoris

Tongxinluo capsule for acute stroke

Tong-xin-luo capsule for patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention

Traditional Chinese herbal products for stable angina

Transcendental meditation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Treatment of urinary incontinence after stroke in adults

Vitamin E for intermittent claudication

Vitamin K for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Xiongshao for restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with coronary heart disease

Yoga for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (se afsnit om bivirkninger)

Positiv effekt

Ingen relaterede Cochrane-oversigter melder om positiv effekt ved behandlingerne.

Mulig positiv effekt

Ingen effekt

Mulig negativ effekt

Ingen relaterede Cochrane-oversigter melder om mulig negativ effekt ved behandlingerne.

Bivirkninger og forsigtighedsregler

Kilder

Her er en liste med referencer til de relaterede Cochrane artikler

Acanthopanax for acute ischaemic stroke

Acupuncture for acute stroke

Acupuncture for dysphagia in acute stroke

Acupuncture for stroke rehabilitation

Acupuncture for stroke rehabilitation

Acupuncture for vascular dementia

Altered dietary salt intake for people with chronic kidney disease

Artichoke leaf extract for treating hypercholesterolaemia

Blood pressure lowering efficacy of coenzyme Q10 for primary hypertension

Calcium supplementation for prevention of primary hypertension

Calcium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Chinese herbal medicine suxiao jiuxin wan for angina pectoris

Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia

Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia

Chuanxiong preparations for preventing stroke

Chuanxiong-type preparations for acute ischemic stroke

Coenzyme Q10 for heart failure

Coenzyme Q10 for heart failure

Co-enzyme Q10 supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Combined calcium, magnesium and potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Dan Shen agents for acute ischaemic stroke

Danshen (Chinese medicinal herb) preparations for acute myocardial infarction

Dengzhanhua preparations for acute cerebral infarction

Effectiveness of the Valsalva Manoeuvre for reversion of supraventricular tachycardia

Electrical stimulation for preventing and treating post-stroke shoulder pain

Electromagnetic therapy for treating venous leg ulcers

Folate supplementation in people with sickle cell disease

Force platform feedback for standing balance training after stroke

Ganoderma lucidum mushroom for the treatment of cardiovascular risk factors

Garlic for peripheral arterial occlusive disease

Ginkgo biloba for acute ischaemic stroke

Ginkgo biloba for intermittent claudication

Green and black tea for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure

Herbal medicines for viral myocarditis

Horse chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency

Huperzine A for vascular dementia

Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases

Isoflavones for hypercholesterolaemia in adults

Magnesium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Mailuoning for acute ischaemic stroke

Music for stress and anxiety reduction in coronary heart disease patients

Music therapy for acquired brain injury

Non-pharmacological interventions for breathlessness in advanced stages of malignant and non-malignant diseases

Nut consumption for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Omega 3 fatty acids for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease

Oral zinc for arterial and venous leg ulcers

Phlebotonics for venous insufficiency

Potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Qigong for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Relaxation therapies for the management of primary hypertension in adults

Roselle for hypertension in adults

Sanchi for acute ischaemic stroke

Selenium supplementation for critically ill adults

Selenium supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Selenium supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Shengmai (a traditional Chinese herbal medicine) for heart failure

Tai chi for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Tongxinluo (Tong xin luo or Tong-xin-luo) capsule for unstable angina pectoris

Tongxinluo capsule for acute stroke

Tong-xin-luo capsule for patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention

Traditional Chinese herbal products for stable angina

Transcendental meditation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Treatment of urinary incontinence after stroke in adults

Vitamin E for intermittent claudication

Vitamin K for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Xiongshao for restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with coronary heart disease

Yoga for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease